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Common Species:
 
Bemisia tabaci - silverleaf whitefly
   
Trialeurodes vaporariorum - greenhouse whitefly
   
Aleyrodes proletella - cabbage whitefly
   
Damaging stage:
 
Adults and nymphs
   
Crops Affected:
 
Cucurbits, solanaceous, legumes, brassicas, cotton, tobacco
   
Characteristic Damage:
 
Feeding causes yellowing of the leaves.
   
Infested pumpkin plants show silvering of leaves.
   
Vector of begomovirus (SLCV, ToLCV))
   
Management and Control:
 
Monitor the area regularly.
   
Use yellow sticky traps.
   
Remove weeds and volunteer plants that may serve as alternate hosts.
   
Use of insecticidal soaps or oils such as neem oil to reduce population.
   
Apply insecticides  such as cartap hydrochloride  - (e.g.  PadanⓇ, Barena 50 SP, Gemtrak®), azadirachtin (neem), dinotefuran (e.g. Oshin®, StarkleⓇ), acetamiprid (e.g. MospilanⓇ),  spinosad (e.g. SuccessⓇ, EntrustⓇ), pymetrozine (e.g. Chess®, Fulfill® ).
   
References:
http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7401.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitefly
http://www.almanac.com/content/whiteflies

 

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