Common Species:
Aphis gossypii  - cotton aphids
  Myzus persicae - green peach aphids
Aphis fabae - bean aphid
Common Name:
plant lice
Damaging Stage:
Adults and nymphs
Crops Affected:
Cucurbits, solanaceous, legumes, papaya, cotton
Characteristic Damage:
Initial damage includes yellowing of leaves.
High aphid population causes downward curling of leaves, stunted plant growth and wilting.
Aphids produce honeydew, a sticky exudate that serves as substrate for the growth of sooty mold.  It also interferes with the leaves’ photosynthesis and transpiration.
They are known vectors of different groups of viruses including Potyvirus (PRSV, ZYMV,ChiVMV), Luteovirus (CAYV/NMK) and Cucumovirus (CMV).
Management and Control:
Monitor the area regularly.
Remove weeds and volunteer plants that may serve as alternate hosts for the aphids.
Regulate use of nitrogen fertilizer, excessive nitrogen fertilization favors aphid reproduction.
Use yellow sticky traps to minimize aphid population.
Use plastic mulch to repel the aphids.
Use botanical extracts like neem, kakawate and hot pepper and canola oil.
Apply  imidacloprid, acephate, thiamethoxam, acetamiprid, azadirachtin, dinotefuran, acetamiprid, spinosad, pymetrozine when necessary.
Ebert TA, Cartwright B, 1997. Biology and ecology of Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae). Southwestern Entomologist, 22(1):116-153.

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